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Death of ISIS leader sparks infighting between rival factions in Afghanistan

10 Apr 2018 Salaam Times

KABUL -- The death of a top "Islamic State of Iraq and Syria" (ISIS) commander in Afghanistan has exposed the deep divisions that exist between the group's rival factions, and the dwindling fortunes of the terrorist group overall.

Coalition forces Monday (April 9) confirmed they had killed Qari Hikmatullah -- also rendered Hekmat -- and his bodyguard in Faryab Province Thursday (April 5).

Coalition and Afghan officials described Hikmatullah's undoing as a US air strike preceded by Afghan-operated drones that followed him to his hideout.

He is the latest top ISIS leader to be killed, demonstrating the fate of foreign fighters coming to Afghanistan to join ISIS -- certain death at the hands of coalition and Afghan government forces.

Running out of leaders

Hikmatullah was a "native Uzbek" who previously belonged to other militant groups, including the Taliban, before joining ISIS's Khorasan branch (ISIS-K) in northern Afghanistan, according to the NATO statement.

He was a key leader, channeling external support and foreign fighters from Central Asian states into Afghanistan, said the statement.

Hikmatullah was involved in or responsible for "deadly terrorist attacks" and had been replaced by Mawlawi Habib-ul-Rahman, said the Afghan Defence Ministry Saturday.

The appointment of Rahman, another native Uzbek who had intermittent ties with the Taliban, suggests that the group is having difficulty replacing its leaders and is being forced to depend on foreign fighters with fluctuating loyalties, the NATO statement said.

The move led to immediate infighting among three rival factions of ISIS-K, split between foreign fighters from Syria and Chechnya, followers of Hikmatullah from northern Afghanistan and Afghan ISIS members from other parts of the country, said local Afghan government officials quoted by the New York Times.

Afghan government and coalition forces "killed Hikmatullah and they will kill any successors," said NATO Resolute Support Mission Commander Gen. John Nicholson, according to the NATO statement. "[ISIS-K] will be eliminated."

Afghan and coalition forces have ramped up air strikes and ground offensives against ISIS fighters in Jawzjan in recent months as the group seeks to expand its foothold in the country.

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