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Children becoming frontline targets at 'shocking' scale, warns Unicef

18 Apr 2018 The Independent

The scale of attacks on children in conflict zones around the world reached "shocking" levels in 2017, the United Nations Children’s Fund has warned.  

Unicef said parties in conflicts were "blatantly disregarding international laws designed to protect the most vulnerable" and children were being killed, maimed, recruited to fight and used as human shields, 

Rape, forced marriage, abduction and enslavement have also become “standard tactics” in conflicts including Iraq, Syria and Yemen, to Nigeria, South Sudan and Burma, the organisation warned. 

Read more

Nearly 340,000 Rohingya children ‘outcast and desperate’ in Bangladesh

Boko Haram increasingly using drugged children as suicide bombers

90,000 children are expected to die in Nigeria this year, Unicef warns

Some children abducted by extremist groups continue to experience abuse upon release when they are detained by security forces, Unicef said. 

Millions more suffer from malnutrition, disease and trauma as basic services – including access to food, water, sanitation and health – are denied, damaged or destroyed in the fighting, it added. 

Manuel Fontaine, Unicef Director of Emergency Programmes, said the world cannot accept this level of brutality as the “new normal”.

“Children are being targeted and exposed to attacks and brutal violence in their homes, schools and playgrounds,” he said. “As these attacks continue year after year, we cannot become numb."

The warning came as the charity released an end of year statement summarising 2017 as a "brutal" year for children caught in conflict.

The report found almost 700 children in Afghanistan were killed in the first nine months of 2017.  At least 135 children were forced to act as suicide bombers this year by Boko Haram in northeast Nigeria and Cameroon, it said. 

In South Sudan, more than 19,000 children have been recruited into armed forces and armed groups and over 2,300 children have been killed or injured since the conflict first erupted in December 2013.

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17 April 2018

European lawmakers raise placards reading "Stop the War in Syria" in protest against airstrikes launched by the US, Britain and France in Syria last week criticizing the legitimacy of the operation, as French President Emmanuel Macron delivers his speech at the European Parliament in Strasbourg. Macron is expected to outline his vision for the future of Europe to push for deep reforms of the 19-nation eurozone and will launch a drive to seek European citizens' opinions on the European Union's future.

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16 April 2018

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15 April 2018

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PA

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14 April 2018

The wreckage of the Scientific Studies and Research Centre compound in the Barzeh district, north of Damascus, after the United States, UK and France launched strikes against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's regime early on April 14 in response to an alleged chemical weapons attack after mulling military action for nearly a week. Syrian state news agency SANA reported several missiles hit a research centre in Barzeh, north of Damascus, "destroying a building that included scientific labs and a training centre"

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13 April 2018

Indian activists gather to show support for the chairperson of the Delhi Commission for Women Swati Maliwal, who is on a hunger strike against the alleged rapes in Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, in New Delhi, India. According to news reports Maliwal is sitting on hunger strike demanding that authorities take strict actions against the alleged rapists.

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12 April 2018

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11 April 2018

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10 April 2018

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9 April 2018

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8 April 2018

Competitors cross the start line at the annual Pyongyang Marathon.

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7 April 2018

The body of journalist Yasser Murtaja, 31, is carried during his funeral in Gaza city. He was shot by Israeli troops while reporting on Palestinian protests on the Gaza-Israel border.

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6 April 2018

Supporters of the former South African president Jacob Zuma rally prior to his appearance in the KwaZulu-Natal High Court on corruption charges in Durban. Zuma, 75, arrived to face corruption charges linked to a multi-billion dollar 1990s arms deal. The graft case against him was postponed until June 8 after a brief 15-minute hearing.

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5 April 2018

Palestinian protesters run during clashes with Israeli troops at Israel-Gaza border.

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4 April 2018

Presidents Hassan Rouhani of Iran, Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey and Vladimir Putin of Russia pose before their meeting in Ankara.

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3 April 2018

South African school children pause next to a portrait of the late South African anti-apartheid campaigner Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, wife of African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, at her house in Soweto. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa paid tribute to Winnie, who died on April 2, saying that Nelson Mandela's former wife was a "voice of defiance" against white-minority rule.

AFP/Getty

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2 April 2018

Jewish priests and civilians take part in the Cohanim prayer during the Passover holiday at the Western Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem.

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1 April 2018

Pope Francis greets the crowd at St Peter's square after the Easter Sunday Mass in the Vatican. Christians around the world are marking the Holy Week, commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, leading up to his resurrection on Easter.

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31 March 2018

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30 March 2018

Israeli soldiers shot tear gas grenades towards the Palestinian tent city protest commemorating Land Day. The day marks the killing of six Arab Israelis during 1976 demonstrations against Israeli confiscations of Arab land.

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29 March 2018

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28 March 2018

French gendarmes escort the coffin of the late Lieutenant Colonel Arnaud Beltrame transported by car during a funeral procession leaving the Pantheon as part of a national tribute in Paris. The French President will lead a national commemoration to hostage-swap policeman Arnaud Beltrame killed in jihadist attack.

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27 March 2018

Russian President Vladimir Putin visits a memorial made for the victims of a fire in a multi-story shopping center in the Siberian city of Kemerovo. Officials say that the fire escapes were blocked and a PA system was turned off during the fire that killed over 50 people.

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26 March 2018

At least 64 shoppers have been killed in fire at a shopping centre in Russia. A further 16 people were still missing after flames broke out at the four-storey Winter Cherry mall in the city of Kemerovo in Siberia, according to Russian Emergencies Minister Vladimir Puchkov. The fire was extinguished in the morning after burning through the night. Parts of the building were still smouldering and the floors of the cinema hall had caved in in places, another emergency official said.

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25 March 2018

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24 March 2018

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23 March 2018

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22 March 2018

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21 March 2018

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20 March 2018

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19 March 2018

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18 March 2018

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17 March 2018

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16 March 2018

Russian President Vladimir Putin visits the Almazov National Medical Research Centre in Saint Petersburg.

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15 March 2018

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14 March 2018

German Chancellor Angela Merkel is sworn in by the President of the German lower house during the government's swearing-in ceremony at the Bundestag in Berlin. Merkel, head of the Christian Democratic Party CDU, starts her fourth term as German chancellor, capping months of political uncertainty as she bartered with her rivals of the SPD to help govern Europe's top economy in a "grand coalition".

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13 March 2018

Nepali students of University of Dhaka light candles in memory of the victims of the US-Bangla aircraft crash in Nepal, Bangladesh.

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12 March 2018

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11 March 2018

French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte Macron pose for photographs as they visit the Taj Mahal.

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10 March 2018

France’s far-right party Front National (FN) president Marine Le Pen applauds former US President advisor Steve Bannon after his speech during the Front National party annual congress, in Lille, northern France.

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9 March 2018

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8 March 2018

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7 March 2018

A labourer works on a salt pan in the outskirts of the Nagaur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan ahead of International Women’s day.

AFP/Getty

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6 March 2018

Sri Lanka's army soldiers and police personnel stand near a vandalised building in Digana, a suburb of Kandy. Extremists Buddhist mobs swept through the town on Monday, burning at least 11 Muslim owned shops and homes. Sri Lanka's president declared a state of emergency Tuesday amid fears that anti-Muslim attacks in the central hill town could spread.

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5 March 2018

Chinese President Xi Jinping arrives for the opening of the first session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. The NPC has over 3,000 delegates and is the world's largest parliament or legislative assembly though its function is largely as a formal seal of approval for the policies fixed by the leaders of the Chinese Communist Party. The NPC runs alongside the annual plenary meetings of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), together known as 'Lianghui' or 'Two Meetings'.

EPA

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4 March 2018

Female protestor stands up with the words 'Berlusconi Sei Scaduto' written on her body, translating as 'Berlusconi, you’ve expired', as Silvio Berlusconi stands during voting of the political and regional elections in Milan, Italy.

Rex

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3 March 2018

Russian President Vladimir Putin delivers a speech during a rally to support his bid in the upcoming presidential election at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.

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2 March 2018

A light turns red outside of Germany's Krupp Mannesmann steel factory. German officials and industry groups warned U.S. President Donald Trump that he risks sparking a trade war with his closest allies if he goes ahead with plans to impose steep tariffs on steel and aluminium imports.

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1 March 2018

People dance during Holi festival celebrations in Kathmandu, Nepal.

EPA

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28 February 2018

Indian fans watch as the funeral procession of the late Bollywood actress Sridevi Kapoor passes through Mumbai.

AFP/Getty

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27 February 2018

Candles are left in tribute to murdered Slovakian investigative reporter Jan Kuciak, 27, and his fiancee Martina, 27, at Slovak National Uprising Square in Bratislava. A leading Slovak newspaper says organised crime may have been involved in the shooting death that shocked Slovakia. The bodies of Kuciak and Kusnirova were found Sunday evening in their house in the town of Velka Maca, east of the capital.

AP

In Yemen, nearly 1,000 days of fighting left at least 5,000 children dead or injured, Unicef said.

More than 11 million children need humanitarian assistance and out of 1.8 million children suffering from malnutrition, 385,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of death if not urgently treated.

As a result the organisation called on parties in conflicts "to abide by their obligations under international law to immediately end violations against children and the targeting of civilian infrastructure, including schools and hospitals."

It also called "on states with influence over parties to conflict to use that influence to protect children."

More about:

UNICEF

Children

Yemen

Syria

Afghanistan

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Original Link: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/children-conflict-victims-yemen-civil-war-syria-world-unicef-deaths-killed-exploitation-a8131106.html

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