Baztab News

Machine learning

12 Aug 2018 National Radio TV of Afghanistan

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence in the field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to “learn” (i.e., progressively improve performance on a specific task) with data, without being explicitly programmed.[1]

The name machine learning was coined in 1959 by Arthur Samuel.[2] Evolved from the study of pattern recognition and computational learning theory in artificial intelligence,[3] machine learning explores the study and construction of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data[4] – such algorithms overcome following strictly static program instructions by making data-driven predictions or decisions,[5]:2 through building a model from sample inputs. Machine learning is employed in a range of computing tasks where designing and programming explicit algorithms with good performance is difficult or infeasible; example applications include email filtering, detection of network intruders or malicious insiders working towards a data breach,[6] optical character recognition (OCR),[7] learning to rank, and computer vision.

Machine learning is closely related to (and often overlaps with) computational statistics, which also focuses on prediction-making through the use of computers. It has strong ties to mathematical optimization, which delivers methods, theory and application domains to the field. Machine learning is sometimes conflated with data mining,[8] where the latter subfield focuses more on exploratory data analysis and is known as unsupervised learning.[5]:vii[9] Machine learning can also be unsupervised[10] and be used to learn and establish baseline behavioral profiles for various entities[11] and then used to find meaningful anomalies.

Within the field of data analytics, machine learning is a method used to devise complex models and algorithms that lend themselves to prediction; in commercial use, this is known as predictive analytics. These analytical models allow researchers, data scientists, engineers, and analysts to “produce reliable, repeatable decisions and results” and uncover “hidden insights” through learning from historical relationships and trends in the data.[12]

Applications

Agriculture

Automated theorem proving[35][36]

Adaptive websites[citation needed]

Affective computing

Bioinformatics

Brain–machine interfaces

Cheminformatics

Classifying DNA sequences

Computational anatomy

Computer Networks

Telecommunication

Computer vision, including object recognition

Detecting credit-card fraud

General game playing[37]

Information retrieval

Internet fraud detection[24]

Linguistics

Marketing

Machine learning control

Machine perception

Medical diagnosis

Economics

Insurance

Natural language processing

Natural language understanding[38]

Optimization and metaheuristic

Online advertising

Recommender systems

Robot locomotion

Search engines

Sentiment analysis (or opinion mining)

Multimodal sentiment analysis

Sequence mining

Software engineering

Speech and handwriting recognition

Space mapping

Financial market analysis

Structural health monitoring

Syntactic pattern recognition

Time series forecasting

User behavior analytics

Translation[39]

 

Original Link: https://rta.org.af/eng/2018/08/12/machine-learning/

Open Original News

More from National Radio TV of Afghanistan

  • Habibullah Khan 1 Day

    Habibullah Khan (June 3, 1872 – February 20, 1919) was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1901 until 1919. He was born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, the eldest son of the Emir Abdur Rahman Khan, whom he

  • Soraya Tarzi 1 Day

    Soraya Tarzi, known mostly as Queen Soraya (Pashto/Dari: ملکه ثريا) (November 24, 1899 – April 20, 1968),[1][2][3] was the Queen consort of Afghanistan in the early 20th century and the

  • “Terrorism is a Major Threat to Humanity & Global Peace,” Dr. Abdullah 1 Day

    Chief Executive of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah met UN under-secretary general and head of the office for counter terrorism, Voladimir, Voronkov at Sapidar Palace on Monday.

  • President Ghani Attends Praying Ceremony of Gardez Blast Victims 1 Day

    President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani attended praying ceremony for martyrs of recent attack on Imam Zaman Mosque in Paktia province, BNA reported. Attended by a number of government officials, lawmakers, civil

  • Woodie (car body style) 1 Day

      A woodie is a car body style with rear bodywork constructed of wood framework with infill wood panels. Originally, wood framework augmented the car’s structure. Over time manufacturers

  • Beijing fumes at new US defense bill, warns against interfering in its internal affairs 1 Day

    The new the US $716-billion defense bill foreseeing stronger military support for Taiwan and closer scrutiny of Chinese companies, is a manifestation of “Cold War mentality” that will damage bilateral

  • Surf culture 1 Day

    Surf culture includes the people, language, fashion, and lifestyle surrounding the sport of surfing. The history of surfing began with the ancient Polynesians. That initial culture directly influenced

  • The Lifestyle 14 Aug 2018

Latest News:

Loading